Meskwaki History Site Map

 

 

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Anthology

Bennett, chapter Indians and the Land

Bennett, Meskwaki Code Talkers

Buffalo, Collection of Observations table of contents

     Introduction: The Meskwaki Fight
1532: The First European Experience for Some Tribes

1640-1694: First Impressions of the French
1701-1729: The Fox Wars
1730-1734: Ending the Fox Wars
1735-1804: Recovery and Rebuilding
1815-1845: The Americans
1846-1856: The Iowa Journey
1857-1866: A New Home in Old Lands
1867-1886: The New Neighbors
1887-1897: Jurisdictional Ambiguity
1898-1900: Debating What To Do With The Meskwaki
1901-1912: Tenaciously Clinging
1913-1923: Resisting Acculturation
1924-1936: Ancient Indians in a Modern World
1937-1951: Replacements Rather Than Losses
1952-1967: Increasing Pressure to Assimilate
1968-1979: Fighting Paper Wars
1980-1986: Learning How To Meet More Challenges
1987-2000: Hopes for a Better Future
Meskwaki and Sauki Voices

Buffalo, Baseball

Buffalo, History of Powwow

Buffalo, Horse

Buffalo, LaCrosse Atti

Buffalo, Stone House

Buffalo, South Farm Property

Buffalo, Treaty of 1842

Buffalo, Tribal Community Pattern

Collins, A Meskwaki Mine in the Upper Mississippi River Lead District

Keahna, William Jones

Keysor, Legal Identity

Michelson, Autobiography of a Fox Woman

Musgrove, Annals Pictograph article, 1974

Purcell, Palimpsest Settlement article, 1974

Swaim, Palimpsest Clothing article, 1991

Torrence, Palimpsest Pictograph article, 1988

Artifacts

bag, scraper, heddle

bandolier bag

bandolier bag close-up

beadwork belt

beadwork hair string

bear claw necklace

bow and arrows

bow and arrows, boy’s

breechcloth

breechcloth with blue leaves

cradleboard

dance regalia

doll

fan

garments and regalia

garters

hair binder and pendants

hammock

hand adz and carved vessel

kettle hooks, antler

lacrosse stick

lacrosse stick (movie)

leggings

necklaces

pictograph

Palimpsest, Torrence article, 1988

Annals, Musgrove article

pipe tomahawk

ribbon applique panel

skirt with ribbon applique

warrior club

wooden spoon (movie)

wooden bowl and spoon

woven yarn belts

Audio

Audio recordings of Meskwaki language

Re-dedication of Old Capitol speech

Buffalo talk at UI Museum of Art, 1989

Adeline Wanatee, KCRG-TV

Everett Kapayou story and song, Iowa Arts Council

Census

1840 circa census from State Archives

1888 federal census of Sac and Fox of the Mississippi in Iowa

1905 Ward list, Iowa Journal of History and Politics, April 1906

1910 annuity payment roll

1915 federal census

1920 federal census

1934 federal census

1937 federal census

Culture

History

               Tribal names historically

               relations with U.S. Government

                        Indian Agents

                        Tribal names (Sac and Fox)

               Meskwaki government in the 20th century

Settlement

Palimpsest, Purcell article, 1974

Children

Clothing

               Palimpsest, Swaim article, 1991

Men

         scalp lock and roach headdress

Women

Accessories worn by both sexes

Education

Flag

Food sources

Fry bread text

Fry bread movie (Killy)

Fry bread photographs (Killy)

Use of plants

farming (use seeds for corn, squash, beans)

corn

squash

beans

gathering wild plants for food

Groundnut

Cow Parsnip

Cow Parsnip 2

Arrow Head

Jerusalem Artichoke

Wood Lily

Wild Garlic or Wild Onion

Milkweed, Common

Dandelion

Wild Ginger

New Jersey Tea

Ground Cherry

High Bush Blackberry

Frost Grape

Wild Plum

May Apple

Smooth Sumac

Hazelnut, Filbert

Shagbark Hickory

White Oak acorn

Hog Peanut

Mushrooms

Maple syrup

         Maple syrup photos

Horses

Hunting and game subsistence activities

 Hunting

badger

birds

bear

beaver

buffalo

deer

elk

fish

muskrat

possum

turtle

small game

Kinship Social Organization

               Entities

                        Political entities

                        Cultural entity

               Descent Rules

               Male ego chart

               Male ego explanation

               Female ego chart

               Female ego explanation

               Kinship blank chart

Medicine

Music

Singer Everett Kapayou

Powwow

Powwow posters, Svacina Collection

Films by Monroe P. Killy, 1948

Making Fry bread

Konono game

Swan dance

Film by Kendrick Melvit, 1946 circa

Film by K. Koshinaga, 1940s circa

KCRG-TV footage of Adeline Wanatee at powwow

KCRG-TV footage of powwow visitor

Buffalo history of powwow

Recreation and Games

Atti LaCrosse game

Baseball

Dart game

Dice game

Double Ball game

Moccasin game

Popgun game

Ring and Pin game

Shinny

Snow snakes game

Stick game

Trade

Transportation

Warriors

Fox Wars

World War II code talkers

List of individuals who served in U.S. military

Documents

1804 treaty with the Sauk and Foxes

1815 treaty with Fox Nation

1822 treaty with the Sauk and Foxes

1824 treaty with the Sauk and Foxes

1830 treaty with the Sauk and Foxes, Etc.

1832 treaty with the Sauk and Foxes

1836 treaty with the Sauk and Foxes

1837 treaty with Sac and Fox

1840 census in State Archives

1841 report in Lucas Papers

              1841 report in Lucas Papers transcript

1842 treaty with the Sauk and Foxes

1856 state law

1857 deed

              1857 deed transcript

1859 treaty with Sauk and Foxes

1867 treaty with the Sauk and Foxes

1905 letter about Settlement

1910 Annuity Roll

1923 No Dancing letter

1937 Constitution

1992 Proclamation establishing July 13th as Meskwaki National Holiday

            Proclamation Day Brochure

Housing

tribal community pattern

use of cattail mats

Great Bulrush Mat text

gathering wild plants for materials (mats, string, rope, etc.)

Cattails

Cattail, Fred Kent photo

Great American Bulrush

Nettle, Wood

Slippery Elm

Basswood, Linden

Ash, White

Hazelnut, Filbert

Milkweed, Common

Indian Hemp

 Tools

bone needle

hoe

Language

 Meskwaki Alphabet

               Useful words and phrases

               Numbers

               Weather

               Animals

               Clan names

Autobiography of A Fox Woman excerpt     

They Who Chased the Bear

          Algonquian language

Maps

North America

     1687

     1730

     1755

     1776

     1785

     1794

Iowa, 1847

Land cessions

Language

Land acquisition

Movies

Killy, Fry bread

Killy, konono game

Killy, swan dance

Melvet, powwow

Koshinaga, powwow

Adeline Wanatee, KCRG-TV

Don Wanatee, KCRG-TV

Powwow Visitor, KCRG-TV

Photographs

Duren H. Ward photograph album

movie of opening oversize album

Ward expedition article in NFM

Monroe P. Killy photograph album

Josephine M. Wallace Collection, SHSI, DM

Joan Liffring-Zug Bourret Collection

Robert Campagna Collection

Mc-Kenney-Hall Portrait Gallery

Timeline

Bibliography

Lessons

Glossary

Lesson Plans for Meskwaki History

     Autobiography of a Fox Woman - The Goldfinch

     Do an Oral History

     Reading a Chart

     Interpreting a Pictograph

     Investigating Primary Source Documents

     Kinship Chart Exercise

     Meskwaki Lifeways: Wacoshashe Poster

     Time Capsules from the Past

     Word Game, Animals

          Word Game, Animals - Key

     Word Game, Animals (Meskwaki Words)

          Word Game, Animals (Meskwaki Words) - Key

     Word Game, Clothing

          Word Game, Clothing - Key

Credits

Citations for sources used

Copyright notice

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